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Pathe-Actuelle Record Label

Pathe-Actuelle Record Label (1914-1929)

Founded in France and came to the US in 1914 as the Pathe-Freres Phonograph Company. Pathe-US would introduce a short-lived budget brand called Sapphire in 1915. Another label called Actuelle would be created in Sept. 1920. The Actuelle label was at first red, black, and gold on a buff, white, or other color background. They were replaced by a similar label in 1922 of gold and black for popular music or gold and maroon for classical. In 1922 the Pathe-Freres Phonograph Company went bankrupt. By Nov. 1922 Pathe-Freres was re-organized as the Pathe Phonograph and Radio Corporation. They would introduce two new labels: Perfect and Pathe-Actuelle. The Pathe-Actuelle (sometimes referred to as Pathe) label had a race record-series that was introduced in 1924. Pathe-Actuelle and Perfect were merged with the Cameo Record Corporation in Oct. 1927. Two years later, Cameo was bought by the American Record Corporation (ARC) in 1929. ARC dropped Pathe in March 1930 and Perfect in 1938. The Perfect record label can sometimes be seen in red shellac rather than black.

Music Genres: Pop, Orchestra, Classical, Band, Blues

Pre-1941 Label:

Pathe Record Label would last from 1914-1922. In 1922, Pathe-Freres would reorganize as a different company and create a different label.

Pathe Label. Note the Chicken
Pathe Label, 1914. Note the Chicken

The Sapphire Record Label, 1915.

Sapphire Record 1915
Sapphire Record 1915

Actuelle Label, 1920. This would replace Sapphire as a budget brand label.
Actuelle Early Label

Actuelle Label redesign in 1922. This redesign would not last for long as Pathe-Freres would reorganize as a different company the same year.

Actuelle Label, 1922
Actuelle Label, 1922

Pathe-Actuelle Label, 1922. This was the new label of the former Pathe-Freres company, now reorganized as the Pathe Phonograph and Radio Corporation. After ARC buys the corporation in 1929, they would drop the label.

Pathe-Actuelle Label, 1922.
Pathe-Actuelle Label, 1922.

1941-1945 Label: None
Post WW2 Label: None
Numbers from start to 1945: 10000-60000

Notes: The Perfect Record Label went from #100-16000

Sources:
-Rust, Brian. The American Record Label Book. Arlington House Publishers, NY. 1978.
-Sutton, Nauck. American Record Labels and Companies: An Encyclopedia (1891-1943). Mainspring Press, CO.2000.


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Lesson Plans World History II SOL 12c

Lesson Plans World History II SOL 12c: Outcomes of World War II

Standard WH II: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War II by

Objectives: Explaining the terms of the peace, the war crimes trials, the division of Europe, plans to rebuild Germany and Japan, and the creation of international cooperative organizations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).

Lesson Plans
Introduction: A Bell-ringer activity
Notes: Students copy-down and discuss teacher generated notes
Activities: Students complete various in class activities to support learning including video analysis, maps, charts, diagrams, graphic organizers, worksheets, text-book questions, group discussion, KWL Charts etc.
Assessment: Informal, Formal, Exit-Questions, Teacher Questioning. Quizzes, Tests, Projects

Essential Knowledge:

Outcomes of World War II
Loss of empires by European powers
Establishment of two major powers in the world: The United States and the U.S.S.R.
War crimes trials
Division of Europe, Iron Curtain
Establishment of the United Nations
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Marshall Plan
Formation of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Warsaw Pact

Efforts for reconstruction of Germany
Democratic government installed in West Germany and West Berlin
Germany and Berlin divided among the four Allied powers
Emergence of West Germany as economic power in postwar Europe

Efforts for reconstruction of Japan
United States occupation of Japan under MacArthur’s administration
Democracy and economic development
Elimination of Japan’s military offensive capabilities; guarantee of Japan’s security by the United States
Emergence of Japan as dominant economy in Asia

International Cooperative Organizations
United Nations
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
Warsaw Pact

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Established and adopted by members of the United Nations
Provided a code of conduct for the treatment of people under the protection of their government

Activities That Support Lesson Plans

Truman Doctrine Document Analysis of the Truman Doctrine

Formation of Western Alliances Creation of NATO

Germany and Japan Reconstruction Comparison. Comparing reconstruction. Includes a post-WWII timeline activity.

Germany and Japan Reconstruction Activity Teacher Answers Teacher Answers for the Germany and Japan Comparison


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Lesson Plan World History SOL 12b Holocaust

Lesson Plan World History SOL 12b Holocaust:

Standards SOL 12a: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War II by

Objective: Examining the Holocaust and other examples of genocide in the twentieth century.

Essential Knowledge:

• Genocide: The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group
• Totalitarianism combined with nationalism
• History of anti-Semitism
• Defeat in World War I and economic depression blamed on German Jews
• Hitler’s belief in the master race
• Final solution: Extermination camps, gas chambers
Other examples of genocide
• Armenians by leaders of the Ottoman Empire
• Peasants, government and military leaders, and members of the elite in the Soviet Union by Joseph Stalin
• Artists, technicians, former government officials, monks, minorities, and other educated individuals by Pol Pot in Cambodia
• Tutsi minority by Hutu in Rwanda

Activities that support lesson plan:

Diary of Anne Frank and Night excerpts : Anne Frank and Night reading excerpts

Night Reading: Night reading excerpts

Auschwitz: If you Cried you Died Support materials for the video Auschwitz: If you Cried you Died.

If you Cried You Died Teacher’s Guide: Teacher’s guide for If you Cried you Died.

Genocide Map Label and color code the locations of different genocides.

Genocide Video Viewing Viewing Guide for use with Global Issues: Genocide video

Holocaust Webquest Students analyze different websites. Earphones required for audio sources.

One Survivor Remembers: Documents that go with Gerda Weissmann’s story.

Greda Weissmann Intro Introduction Powerpoint

Holocaust Primary Documents Chart for students to analyze Gerda Weissmann’s documents

One Survivor Remembers Primary Documents Handouts Handouts for students to analyze and complete chart.

One Survivor Remembers Gerda Weissmann’s Interview Interview with Gerda Weissmann

OSR Guide 2010 final One Survivor Remembers Teacher’s Guide

One Survivor Remembers Viewing Guide Video Viewing Guide for One Survivor Remembers.

You can view the Gerda Weissmann’s Story Here:

You can visit One Survivor Remembers Website at Teaching Tolerance


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Lesson Plans World History II SOL 12a

Lesson Plans World History II SOL 12a: Start of World War II, Events, Leaders

Standard: SOL 12a The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War II

Objective: explain economic and political causes, describing major events, and identifying leaders of the war, with emphasis on Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, George C. Marshall, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Hideki Tojo, and Hirohito.

Essential Knowledge:
Economic and political causes of World War II
• Aggression by the totalitarian powers of Germany, Italy, Japan
• Nationalism
• Failures of the Treaty of Versailles
• Weakness of the League of Nations
• Appeasement
• Tendencies towards isolationism and pacifism in Europe and the United States

Major events of the war (1939–1945)
• German invasion of Poland
• Fall of France
• Battle of Britain
• German invasion of the Soviet Union
• Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
• D-Day (Allied invasion of Europe)
• Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Major leaders of the war
• Franklin D. Roosevelt: U.S. president
• Harry Truman: U.S. president after death of President Roosevelt
• Dwight D. Eisenhower: Allied commander in Europe
• Douglas MacArthur: U.S. general
• George C. Marshall: U.S. general
• Winston Churchill: British prime minister
• Joseph Stalin: Soviet dictator
• Adolf Hitler: Nazi dictator of Germany
• Hideki Tojo: Japanese general
• Hirohito: Emperor of Japan

Activities that Support Lesson Plans

Can Hitler Be Trusted? Munich Conference: Appeasement Analysis
D-Day Worksheets: D-Day Landing Reading
D-Day Primary Source Readings: Primary Source reading analysis
Winston Churchill Speech 1940: Battle of Britain Winston Churchill Speech
SPR Video Permission Form: Permission slip for Saving Private Ryan
Truman and the Bomb: Truman and the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb Reading
Atomic Bomb Primary Source Readings : Students read a selection of Primary sources and answer questions
Dropping the Atom Bomb :Students answer questions about dropping the bomb
Atom Bomb Reading: Powerpoint with Teacher’s Answers about dropping the bomb
WWII Pacific Map : Map and reading analysis activity of Fighting in the Pacific
Battle of Midway in the Pacific World War II: Worksheet and analysis on Battle of Midway
WW2 Video Schlessinger Media: Video Questions for use with the World War II vide0 on Schlessinger Media.
WW2 Event Timeline : World War II Timeline of the Battles activity.


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Lesson Plan World History II SOL 11b

Lesson Plan World History II SOL 11b: Worldwide Great Depression

Standard: The student will demonstrate knowledge of political, economic, social, and cultural developments during the Interwar Period

Objective: Cite causes and assessing the impact of worldwide depression in the 1930s.

Essential Knowledge

Causes of the Worldwide Great Depression
-German reparations
-Expansion of production capacities and dominance of the United States in the global economy
-High protective tariffs
-Excessive expansion of credit
-Stock Market Crash of 1929

Impact of worldwide depression
-High unemployment in industrial countries
-Bank failures and collapse of credit
-Collapse of prices in world trade
-Nazi Party’s growing importance in Germany; Nazi Party’s blame of European Jews for economic collapse

Activities

Great Depression Data. Note: Data is taken from the Great Depression part of the unit. Students are put into groups and using their data analysis chart (see below) analyze the information:
Interwar Period Curriculum Unit

Great Depression Data Analysis. Note: May need to edit out my chart examples
Great Depression Data Analysis

Great Depression Curriculum Unit:
The Great Depression Curriculum Unit

Videos

America in the 20th Century Great Depression-Blackline Masters and Viewing Guide:
America in the 20th Century Great Depression Instructions

America in the 20th Century Great Depression-Instructions and Teachers Guide:
America in the 20th Century Great Depression Blackine Masters

America in the 20th Century Great Depression Video Link

Americas Hope and Sorrow Great Depression Viewing Guide:
America’s Economy Sorrow and Hope Viewing Guide

 

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Lesson Plans World History II SOL 11a

Lesson Plans World History II SOL 11a League of Nations

Standard:
The student will demonstrate knowledge of political, economic, social, and cultural developments during the Interwar Period

Objective:
Describing the League of Nations and the mandate system.

Essential Knowledge

League of Nations
-International Cooperative Organization
-Established to prevent future wars
-United States not a member
-Failure of League because it did not have power to enforce its decisions

The mandate system
• During World War I, Great Britain and France agreed to divide large portions of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East between themselves.
• After the war, the “mandate system” gave Great Britain and France control over the lands that became Iraq, Transjordan, and Palestine (British controlled) and Syria and Lebanon (French controlled).
• The division of the Ottoman Empire through the mandate system planted the seeds for future conflicts in the Middle East.

Activities to support lesson
League of Nations :Documents for students to analyze
League of Nations Document Analysis :Instructions for analysis
League_of_Nations_Cartoon_Analysis_Worksheet :Worksheet to analyze political cartoons
League of Nations Cartoon Analysis :Political Cartoon Analysis
League of Nations Analysis:Worksheet on League of Nations
InterWar Period Curriculum Unit : Interwar Period Curriculum Unit

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Lesson Plans World History II SOL11c Rise of the Dictators

Lesson Plans World History II SOL: 11c Rise of the Dictators

Standard WH II:  The student will demonstrate knowledge of political, economic, social, and cultural developments during the Interwar Period by

Objectives:  examining events related to the rise, aggression, and human costs of dictatorial regimes in the Soviet Union, Germany, Italy, and Japan, and

Lesson Plans
Introduction: A Bell-ringer activity
Notes: Students copy-down and discuss teacher generated notes
Activities: Students complete various in class activities to support learning including video analysis, maps, charts, diagrams, graphic organizers, worksheets, text-book questions, group discussion, KWL Charts etc.
Assessment: Informal, Formal, Exit-Questions, Teacher Questioning. Quizzes, Tests, Projects

Essential Knowledge:

U.S.S.R. during the Interwar Period — Joseph Stalin
• Entrenchment of communism
• Stalin’s policies: Five-year plans,
• Great Purge

Germany during the Interwar Period — Adolf Hitler

  • Anti-Semitism
  • Inflation and depression
  • Democratic government weakened
  • Extreme nationalism
  • National Socialism (Nazism)
  • German occupation of nearby countries

Italy during the Interwar Period — Benito Mussolini

  • Rise of fascism
  • Ambition to restore the glory of Rome
  • Invasion of Ethiopia

Japan during the Interwar Period — Hirohito and Hideki Tojo

  • Militarism
  • Industrialization of Japan, leading to drive for raw materials
    • Invasion of Korea, Manchuria, and the rest of China

Activities That Support Lesson Plans

Rise of Adolph Hitler 1 :A reading assignment in 4-parts.
Rise of Adolph Hitler 2
Rise of Adolph Hitler 3
Rise of Adolph Hitler 4
Stalin Red Terror Biography Questions: Questions to go with the A&E (Biography) Channel’s program on Stalin
Hitler and Stalin-Roots of Evil
:  Premium Video Viewing Guide of 24 questions to go with the History Channel’s program on Hitler and Stalin

 Hitler and Stalin Roots of Evil Video:

 

Joseph Stalin Biography The Red Terror: Playlist. Comes in 5 parts.

 

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Lesson Plans World History II SOL 10b Treaty of Versailles

Lesson Plans World History II SOL 10b: Treaty of Versailles 

Standard WH II: The student will demonstrate knowledge of the worldwide impact of World War I by

Objectives: explaining the outcomes and global effect of the war and the Treaty of Versailles.

Lesson Plans
Introduction: A Bell-ringer activity
Notes: Students copy-down and discuss teacher generated notes
Activities: Students complete various in class activities to support learning including video analysis, maps, charts, diagrams, graphic organizers, worksheets, text-book questions, group discussion, KWL Charts etc.
Assessment: Informal, Formal, Exit-Questions, Teacher Questioning, Quizzes, Tests, Projects

Essential Knowledge:

Major leaders

  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Kaiser Wilhelm II

Outcomes and global effect

• Colonies’ participation in the war, which increased demands for independence
• End of the Russian Imperial, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian empires
• Enormous cost of the war in lives, property, and social disruption

Treaty of Versailles

  • Forced Germany to accept responsibility for war and loss of territory and to pay reparation
  • Limited the German military
  • League of Nations

Activities That Support Lesson Plans

 Treaty of Versailles Simulation: Students are divided into groups that represent players at the peace conference. Students role play as diplomats and work out a peace based on their national interests. I normally assign each student to a country. Once in groups students select their roles and then they receive their countries packets which contain character sheets, option sheets, and answer sheets. Once nations have selected their options they go to other countries to try to get support. After the diplomat stage, we discuss and the class votes which option to go with.

Treaty of Versailles Simulation Directions  : Directions, roles, and rules on how to organize the simulation
Treaty of Versailles Teacher Intro Sheet  : Teacher introduction sheet
Treaty of Versailles Character Sheet 1  : Character sheet for the United States
Treaty of Versailles Character Sheets 2-6: Character sheets for Italy, Germany, France, Austro-Hungary, and Overseas Colonies. While not all these characters were at the conference or stayed until the end, I needed enough teams so all my students can take part.
Treaty of Versailles-Option and Answer Sheet : Countries use the option sheet to select a choice and record their answer on their answer sheet.

Europe Treaty of Versailles Comparison Map :Students compare and analysis a pre-ww1 map of Europe to a post-ww1 map.

Click here to return to the Virginia World History II SOL Page

 

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Harvard Record Labels

Harvard Record Labels (1905-1907)

Harvard Records was a 78 record label sold exclusively by Sears. Columbia Records originally produced the record. The catalog numbers were similar to Columbia master catalogs. The Harvard Record Label used anonymous recordings. The records came in either 7in. or 10in. sizes.

Music Genres: Waltz, Patriotic, Orchestra, Comedic, Folk Songs, Black or “Coon” songs. (The Harvard Record label and Sears sold music that exemplified the time. Such musical lyrics that stereotyped dialects would be unacceptable today)

Pre-1941 Label: Plan label with blue lettering.

Harvard Disc Record. Courtesy of http://www.78rpm.net.nz
Harvard Disc Record. Courtesy of http://www.78rpm.net.nz

Uncle Josh was the pseudonym for Cal Stewart, a vaudeville actor that made the transition into sound. He is known for comedic narratives. While not on a Harvard Disc the recording below is indicative of Cal’s comedic style.

Another example of the early Harvard Disc Record label.

I Never Trouble Trouble until Trouble Troubles Me
I Never Trouble Trouble until Trouble Troubles Me by Baritone and Tenor Duet

Not on a Harvard Record label but it demonstrates what the duet sounded like. You can note the same catalog number as the Harvard disc above. This was due to the fact that Harvard pulled from the master catalog of Columbia. Indeed, it appears the Peerless Disc Record did as well.


The Harvard Record label went through a label re-design in late 1906 or early 1907. This new design featured a collegiate pennant and letting in orange.

World War Two Label: None. Label did not exist

Sources:

http://www.mainspringpress.com/sears-labels.html


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Montgomery Ward Records

Montgomery Ward Records (1933-1941)

Sold through Montgomery Ward’s catalog. Contracted pressing of records and licensing to Decca, RCA, Columbia, Victor, Bluebird and others. These records could be found in their stores or in their catalogs.

Music Genres: Country, Pop, Blues, Western, Mexican, Swing.

1933-1941: Record Label

Record Label: Pre-WW2. Black or dark blue coloring always with gold. Note the design of semi-circles.
Montgomery Ward Record Label: Pre-WW2. Black or dark blue coloring always with gold. Note the design of semi-circles.
Produced in 1934
Montgomery Ward Record:  Produced in 1934

Cartwright Brothers on Montgomery Ward.

1941-1945s Label: None

Post WW2 Label: None

Numbers from start to 1945: 1000-10173

Notes: 6000 is their light classical series.

Sources:

Catalog Listing: http://www.78discography.com/

Rust, Brian. The American Record Label Book. Arlington House Publishers, NY. 1978.

Sutton, Nauck. American Record Labels and Companies: An Encyclopedia (1891-1943).Mainspring Press, CO.2000.

Music Genres: Country, Pop, Blues, Western, Mexican, Swing

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