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Major General Raymond Matera and Brigadier General Donne Harned 1987 Korean War Pilot Interview

I purchased a tape that had a 40-minute interview with two Korean War Pilots: Major General Raymond Matera and Brigadier General Donne Harned. The short stories below are a condensed version and are a quick outline. Unfortunately, I don’t know whose story is which on the tape. So they’ve been somewhat conflated. The full interview is at the bottom of the page in an MP3 format.

Black 90min cassette tape labeled 1987 Interview MG Matera and BG Harned

They’ve both since passed with Major General Raymond Matera dying in 2019 and Donne Harned dying in 2013.

The Interview was done on Sept 15th, 1987 by someone named Craig who seemed to be a Senior in High School.

In the interview, they talk about flying F80s, F84s, F86s. The F-80 is the Lockheed Shootingstar, The F-84 is the Thunderjet, and the F-86 is the Sabre.

They mention that the first flight in a jet plane was the first flight in a jet plane as no trainers (the T-33s) were available.

They talk about shooting down towed drone aircraft. Recalls a classmate Glen Dean (deen?) shooting down an F47 that was towing a plane and the pilot told him that the next time he does that he’s going to release the plane into his face.

Was assigned to the 81st Fighter Group; 91st Squad which flew F-86s.

A Lt Greenway was killed putting down gears as both wings fell off an F84 airplane because of an internal fire. A quick search indicates it’s likely 1st LT J. Ray Greenway. Who was hit with anti-aircraft fire and crash-landed at Taegu #1 field.

Used the F51b (the WW2 era Mustang) for close air support. Would have two 165-gallon fuel tanks for long-range escort missions. Donne Harned once got lost returning from a mission attacking dams on the Yalu River and eventually figured out he was 60 miles South of Valdisvastock…says “That was a long mission”.

Recall shooting up a power station North of Pyongyang during Pusan Perimitter actions. Both recall hitting trains.

Assigned to the 5th RCT and an unnamed ROK Division as Forward Air Controllers. Maj General Church commander of KMAG Forces supported them and gave them all sorts of radios to keep in contact with the ground.

Recall that the F84e had an oil-mist system (which provides continuous lubrication) and the number 3 bearing would fail.

Most missions air to ground – interdiction missions to cut rail lines.

They really liked the South African and Australian pilots.

Once saw an Australian fighter get shot down and saw the pilot sitting on the wing waiting to be captured. North Koreans sent back his blue and polka dot scarf he was wearing as a sign that he was still alive.

The biggest threat was Soviet anti-aircraft weapons that tracked by radar and Quad 50s. They were always about one burst behind ya.

Recalls Jim Tool(e?) a 49b graduating class shot down at 15,000 feet going 300-400 miles an hour.

All flight commanders during training were WW2 flight veterans. Helped keep us alive by teaching us the tricks.

Got back assigned 133rd Fighter Squadron in New Hampshire. Flew F-47s (the WW2 era Thunderbolt) recalls. it was a very quiet plane. had an enjoyable time flying it. After that flew the F94 (the Starfire) at the All Weather school for a while.

They flew F-89s (the Scorpion) after got back from Korea and flew F-86s too.

F-89s had afterburners (AB). Toggle switches near the canopy to enable the AB.

MB1 Genie Nuclear missiles were kept in Madison, WI as part of the plane’s armament. Not many people knew they had nuclear weapons in Madison. Kept them on pylons. Would have “no notice inspections” and officers would come in and harangue airmen for having dirt on the missiles. The ground crew would often leave smudges on the missiles and give everyone a fit.

Fired MB1s at drones in the Gulf of Mexico (put dynamite in it instead of nuclear warheads). It was a Rocket-propelled missle and “just it went off”.

Make mention that in June 1943 they joined the Marines but wanted to be a pilot. After college went back into the Air Force.

A discussion of the events in Nicaragua and Daniel Ortega as well as the current (1987 current) career path for Guard forces.

The most significant thing to happen to the reserve force was done by Secretary Laird’s “Total Force” Proclamation in 1970. Where the reserve forces also get top-line equipment to get airborne faster.

[Tape has a 10second cut out around 31min mark]

The interview more or less ends with Craig talking about post-high school paths and the possibility of joining the military.

Brigadier General Donne Harned gave another interview to the Madison Public Radio in 2005 as part of a Korean War Stories project which covers some of the details mentioned in the tape a bit more.

If you would like to download the MP3 file you can do so here.

If you need a transcript you can download it here.

With the purchase of the tape came a letter written in Dec 2000 where Craig sent the tape to an interested party named John. He also appears to be a militaria collector as he refers to items for sale. Based on the way the date is written it’s probable he spent considerable time in the military.

Letter written by craig sending the tape to someone named john
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Starship Troopers: Extermination – A Glorious Ode to Bug-Stomping Action!

Attention, citizens! Do you yearn for the visceral thrill of purging the Xeno scum? Do you dream of raining molten lead upon Arachnid carapace? Then grab your trusty Morita rifle and step into the boots of a valiant Mobile Infantry trooper, for Starship Troopers: Extermination is the bug-bashing bonanza you’ve been craving!

From the moment you boot up, Extermination throws you headfirst into the meat grinder of Klendathu. The gritty atmosphere drips from every pixel, capturing the grimy desperation of Federation troopers clinging to a hostile rock. The haunting hum of the Power Suit hydraulics, the frantic chatter of squadmates under fire, the sickening squelch of Xeno innards underfoot – Extermination immerses you in the brutal reality of the KVI with bone-chilling authenticity.

But fear not, citizen! For amidst the carnage, Extermination explodes with a symphony of satisfying action. Wielding your Morita is pure, unadulterated joy. The satisfying kickback, the meaty thuds of plasma slugs finding their mark, the glorious bloom of Xeno goo – Extermination makes exterminating bugs feel oh-so-good.

And the bugs! Oh, the glorious, horrifying bugs! From the skittering hordes of Warrior Bugs to the lumbering terror of the Tanker, each Xeno encounter is a thrilling dance of death. Learning their attack patterns, exploiting their weaknesses, and unleashing hellfire upon their chitinous hides – Extermination’s combat is a masterclass in visceral, tactical action.

But Extermination isn’t just about gunning down bugs – it’s about teamwork. Squad up with fellow troopers, each specializing in different roles like medic, engineer, and heavy weapons. Communication and coordination are key, from laying down suppressing fire to reviving fallen comrades to deploying tactical nukes (because what’s more Federation than solving every problem with more boom?). The feeling of pulling off a coordinated assault against a swarm of Xenos, watching comrades cover your back and vice versa – it’s a bond forged in the fires of Klendathu, stronger than any steel armor.

And if you crave true Federation glory, dive into the deep end with the Trooper Progression system. Earn medals, customize your loadout, and unlock new skills as you rise through the ranks. Become a walking artillery platform with the Heavy Trooper specialization, or a stealthy ghost of Klendathu with the Scout. Extermination empowers you to carve your own path on the battlefield, a true citizen-soldier carving your name in the annals of Federation history.

But Extermination isn’t all grim and gritty. There’s a tongue-in-cheek humor woven throughout, a sardonic wink to the source material that keeps the tone delightfully pulpy. From propaganda posters plastered on every wall to the hilariously over-the-top announcer declaring your achievements, Extermination never takes itself too seriously, reminding you that even in the face of extinction, you can still crack a joke (at the expense of a very dead bug, of course).

So, citizens, do you answer the call to service? Do you yearn to do your part for the Federation? Then grab your Morita, don your Power Suit, and join the fight in Starship Troopers: Extermination. It’s a glorious, gut-wrenching, satisfying ode to bug-blasting action that will leave you screaming “Would you like to know more?” long after the credits roll. Remember, service guarantees citizenship! In service to the Federation,

A satisfied citizen-soldier

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Keynote Records – Red Army Choir of the USSR

Keynote Records was founded by Eric Bernay in 1937. It focused on left-wing folk music and pro-communism songs. The label included works by Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger and Paul Robeson. The offices for the label were at 522 Fifth Avenue New York 18, N.Y.

Keynote logo. A musical note with the circle a record and the word Keynote resting on top of it.
Keynote Records Logo

In 1943 to find a wider audience, he turned to Jazz.  Dinah Washington‘s recording debut was with Keynote at the end of 1943. 

In 1947 the label made an attempt to manufacture its own records that didn’t go as planned, resulting in the business being acquired by Mercury Records in 1948.

One popular record by Keynote was Songs of the Lincoln Brigade. It was produced in 1937. It is a collection of songs praising the soldiers who went to fight against fascism in the Spanish Civil War.

Eric Bernay, died on Nov 5th, 1968 , according to his obituary in the New York Times –

Eric Bernay obiturary article
New York Times, November 5, 1968, pp 44.

Many years ago I was traveling along the I-81 through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia when I stopped at an antique store. Not sure of the town but I think it was North of New Market. I found a neat 78 record set, in mint condition. As well as a few single records.

The 78 record set was The Red Army Chorus of the USSR conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. It is Keynote Records Album number 103.

The Red Army Chorus of the USSR front cover. As an image embedded on it of soviet soliders singing and dancing. Red in color.
Front cover

Opening it up showed the lyrics of the songs. It was four 78 records (so 8 songs total)

  • From Border to Border
  • The Young Birch Tree
  • Cossack Song
  • If Tomorrow Brings War
  • Snowstorm
  • Song of the Tachanka
  • Meadowland
  • Along the Vales and Hills
Lyrics of the album
Inside cover

One interesting thing is on the back cover. It has a Restricted Use Notice saying that the record is for non-commerical use on phonographs in homes and cannot be resold for any other use.

Inside back cover

It took a while but I was eventually able to digitize the songs below as an MP3. If you would like the .wav version of the songs, feel free to contact me and I can send you a copy. Enjoy!

From Border to Border

This song is number K209-A in the set and looks like it was composed by Ivan Ivanovich Dzerzhinsky. The song runs about a minute and 50 seconds. You can download the mp3 here or listen to it below. Sung by the Red Army Choir of the USSR.

The Young Birch Tree

The Young Birch Tree is song number K210-B. Music is adapted and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Soloist is V. Pankov. You can download the MP3 or listen to it below.

Along the Vales and Hills

Along the Vales and Hills sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted (and composed) by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Also looks like C. Alimov helped to create it too. Number K208-A. You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

Cossack’s Song

Cossack Song (or Cossack’s Song) sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Composed by Ivan Ivanovich Dzerzhinsky. Song number K209-B. You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

If War Breaks out Tomorrow

If War Breaks out Tomorrow (or If Tomorrow Brings War). Song number 201-A. sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Composed by Dmitry Pokrass and Daniil Pokrass (they were brothers) as well as Vasily Lebedev-Kumach.

The lyrics note that the Red Army Chorus of the USSR was created in 1928 with 12 performers. It has won many awards and now has 200 performers coming from both the Red Army and the Red Navy.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

Meadowland (Song of the Plains)

Meadowland (Song of the Plains) is number K208-A. Sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Song was composed by Viktor Gusev and Lev Knipper.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.


Snowstorm is number K210-A. Sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and adapted and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Soloist is V. Pankov.

You can download the MP3 or listen to it below.


Tachanka is number K201-B. Sang by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov. Lyrics by Mikhail Ruderman and composed by Konstantin Listov. A tachanka is a horse-drawn machine gun, mounted on a peasant cart.

machine gun mounted on a cart with two soliders standing nearby on a street.
Tachanka was used in WW1 (and the Russian Civil War)

According to Wikipedia, there are a lot more verses and/or the lyrics are a bit different depending on how translated. You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

From Kiev to Lubin

This is a single record that I also bought at the same time. It is number K213-B and is sung by the Ukrainian State Choral Ensemble. I’m not sure of the lyrics, though it appears to be a Ukrainian Folk song.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

From Kiev to Lubin record

The Internationale

The Internationale is a left-wing song used by various social and communist movements. It was composed by Pierre De Geyter. This is number K213-A and is sung by the Bolshoi Theatre Chorus and Orchestra. Looks like the group associated with the Bolshoi Theatre at the time sang it.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

Forward to Victory (Charge of the Tanks)

This was also part of the collection I purchased. Though this doesn’t appear to be Keynote Records. Instead, it is Forward to Victory (Charge of the Tanks). Number 6309B. Taken from the film The Red Tanks and sung by the Moscow Military Chorus (courtesy of Artkino Pictures). The Pokrass brothers composed it. It’s essentially a single from the movie’s soundtrack.

Artkino pictures were the official distributor of Soviet media (like movies and music etc) in North America between 1950 to 1980.

The Red Tanks or Tankisty was a movie made in 1939. You can find the full film on YouTube here.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

Forward To Victory label. Lettering in gold against a black background. Outline of soviet worker at top above spindle.

Song of the Fatherland

Song of the Fatherland, number 6309-A. Sung by the Moscow Military Chorus (courtesy of Artkino Pictures). A single from the film, One Day in Soviet Russia, was produced in 1941. The film is essentially a propaganda piece to help garner pro-soviet sympathy after Germany invaded it. It was narrated by Quentin Reynolds, a journalist, who would be very much anti-communist in the 1950s.

You can download the MP3 here or listen to it below.

Song of the Fatherland label. Lettering in gold against a black background. Outline of soviet worker at top above spindle.

The Internet Archive

The Internet Archive has Along the Vales and Hills, Snowstorm, From Border to Border, Cossack’s Song, The Young Birch Tree, and Meadowland available for download too. So if the MP3s aren’t to your liking you can find more copies there.

The archive also includes other Keynote Record songs like The Clouds Fly High and Blue Night. All were sung by The Red Army Choir of the USSR and conducted by Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov.

I’ve embedded both of those below.

Blue Night

Clouds Fly High

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DJ Blunts Dope Cutz Volume 8

Contained in the same box of tapes is a really solid gem of a self-produced album by a DJ Blunt. There are, in fact, lots of DJs named Blunt so tracking who made this is difficult.

The name of this album is Dope Cutz Volume 8, suggesting there are Dope Cutz 1-7 out there somewhere. The tape doesn’t seem to be made from a lower-quality product. The label on the tape is printed and says 1 for the first side and the same thing on the other, except a 2 for the second side.

Dope Cutz Volume 8 tape label

The songs aren’t that bad and one song even includes a sampling from the OJ Simpson Trial (which might help to date the tape?).

The insert is shown below. A shot from below a set of stairs showing the sky, the stair handrail, the stair foundation, and an overhead light makes the insert. The insert is paper and clearly printed. Maybe someone will recognize this scene and let me know?

Dope Cutz Vol 8 self produced tape insert.

I digitized the songs but each side is one long song. I didn’t break up the MP3 so they play long and are big files. To listen to them you can download the file by clicking the link. If you need a .wav file, feel free to contact me.

DJ Blunts Dope Cutz Vol 8 Side 1

DJ Blunts Dope Cutz Vol 8 Side 2

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Faerchild or Fashion Risk Ready to Rock 1988 Cassette Tape

A buddy of mine handed me a collection of old-school cassette tapes he no longer wanted. Contained in this collection is a really awesome metal tape.

The band’s name is called Faerchild, though it looks like they may have also gone as Fashion Risk.

Faerchild tape cover. Faerchild is written diagonally in red.

The cassette tape itself is one of those clear ones, which I typically associate with being higher quality, and the inserts look to be professionally produced (as opposed to just printing copies from an at-home DIY-style printer).

However, I’ve looked on the Internet and I cannot seem to find much information about them. There are folks in Discogs who are aware that this band exists, but nobody seems to have a copy.

shows in discogs that 0 people have the record

Obviously, Discogs isn’t the end-all-be-all but it has a huge collection and the fact that nobody seems to have a copy (as well as limited information about the band online) suggests a very limited release?

In looking at the insert, the first (and only?) release is called Ready to Rock. It looks like it was produced by the label: Briefcase of Talent out of Atlanta, GA.

The songs included Ready to Rock, Brain Dead, Memories of Michelle, and All Night Long. The tape has a release date of 1988.

Faerchild insert with list of band songs and band members and other assorted information

Scott Faerchild is on the vocals, Shawn Tarver is on the guitar, Tim Lumb is on the Bass, and Alan Ayo is on the drums. A quick Google search brings up some people who might have been part of this project.

One of the inserts has a message to fans about the Ready to Rock release.

Insert showing a message to fans

You can hear the songs in an MP3 format. In the files below I just combined both sides together. So each MP3 consists of two songs. I also have these in .wav format in my Google Drive. So if you’re interested in a .wav format, let me know.

First Side: Click the link to download it or play it below: Memories of Michelle and All Nite Long.

Second Side: Click the link to download or play it below. Ready to Rock and Brain Dead.

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Review of Earth Defense Force

Earth Defense Force (EDF) is a third-person shooter video game series developed by Sandlot and published by D3 Publisher. The series has released numerous titles over the years, but for the purpose of this walkthrough guide, we will be focusing on the most recent game in the series, Earth Defense Force: World Brothers.

In Earth Defense Force: World Brothers, players take on the role of a member of the Earth Defense Force, a group of soldiers tasked with protecting the planet from alien invasions. The game features a variety of missions, each with their own unique objectives and challenges.

To get started, players will need to select their character and customize their loadout. There are four classes to choose from in Earth Defense Force: World Brothers: the Ranger, the Wing Diver, the Fencer, and the Air Raider. Each class has its own strengths and weaknesses, so players will need to choose the one that best fits their playstyle.

The Ranger is a balanced class that is good at both close and long-range combat. The Wing Diver is a fast-moving class that excels at aerial combat and long-range attacks. The Fencer is a heavy class that is slow but powerful, and the Air Raider is a support class that can call in airstrikes and other support abilities.

Once players have chosen their class, they will need to select their weapons and equipment. There are a wide variety of weapons to choose from in Earth Defense Force: World Brothers, ranging from assault rifles and rocket launchers to laser guns and plasma cannons. Players can also equip a variety of different armor and gadgets to help them in combat.

Once players have selected their character and equipment, they are ready to begin their missions. In Earth Defense Force: World Brothers, players will encounter a variety of different enemies, including giant ants, spiders, and robots. Players will need to use their weapons and abilities to take down these enemies and complete their missions.

In addition to the main campaign, Earth Defense Force: World Brothers also features a multiplayer mode where players can team up with others to tackle missions together. In multiplayer, players can choose to play as a member of the Earth Defense Force or as an alien invader.

Overall, Earth Defense Force: World Brothers is a fast-paced and action-packed game that is sure to keep players engaged for hours on end. Whether playing solo or with friends, there is always something new to discover and enjoy in this exciting video game.

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Cigarettes in World War II

This link here does a pretty good job at covering cigarettes during World War II. It focuses mostly on Lucky Strikes but includes others like Chesterfield + more.

I really like how it broke down the nuances of the packages and brands so the discerning collector knows what’s period correct and what isn’t.

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World War II Army Field Manuals

World War II Army Field Manuals

FM 7-10 Rifle Battalion Sept 1942

FM 7-15 Heavy Weapons Company Rifle Regiment May 1942

FM 7-40 Rifle Regiment Feb 1942

FM 20-15 Tents and Tent Pitching FEB 1945

FM 21-100 Soldiers Handbook 1941

FM 2345 Browning Machine Gun, Caliber .30, HB M1919A4

FM24-20 Field Wire Systems 4 OCT 1944

FM 105-5 Umpire Manual April 1942

FM 105-5 Umpire Manual MAR 1944

FM 70-15 Operations in Snow and Extreme Cold NOV 1944