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World War II Service Food Menus and Base Brochures

Service Food Menus

Oftentimes different units would create service menus for special occasions such as Christmas, Thanksgiving or New Years. These are some examples

Travel Base Brochure

Below is base brochure handed out to personnel when they arrived at base and are expecting to stay awhile. This one is from Harmon Field in Stephenville, Newfoundland. Dated Feb, 1945

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World War II Birthday and Holiday and Postcards

Birthday Cards

Valentines Day Cards

Postcards

These could often be found at post exchanges or other on base facilities.

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M1 Garand BluePrints

Below are some pdfs which show the blueprints of the M1 Garand Rifle

Blueprint – M1 Garand Rifle 1

Blueprint – M1 Garand Rifle 2

Blueprint – M1 Garand Rifle 3

Blueprint – M1 Garand Rifle 4

Blueprint – M1 Garand Rifle 5

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Notes on Pre World War One Chinese Resturants

80th Infantry Division drew men from VA, West VA, PA
Chinese Restaurants 

DC in the 1890s first ones appear: https://ggwash.org/view/32254/then-now-the-only-chinese-restaurant-east-of-the-river 

 https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/asian_american_and_pacific_islander_heritage/Downtown-Historic-District.htm

Pittsburgh, Early 1900s: http://old.post-gazette.com/lifestyle/20031209chinatown1209p1.asp
Philadelphiahttp://www.ushistory.org/tour/chinatown.htm Restaurant NAME: Mei-Hsian Lou 
Montana: http://mentalfloss.com/article/88648/delicious-history-nations-oldest-chinese-american-restaurant

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Anti-Saloon League Propaganda

Anti-Saloon League Propaganda for World War One Reenacting

 

I had the opportunity to do a little research at the Anti-Saloon League Museum. I pulled out some documents you might be able to use to enhance your World War One Impression.

Lincoln-Lee Pledge Cards:
Both the 1903 and 1917 versions are the same Size: 5.5in. x 3.5in. The back is blank.

lincoln lee pledge card 1903
lincoln lee pledge card 1903

lincoln lee pledge card 1917
lincoln lee pledge card 1917

12 Reasons for War Prohibition
Size: 3.5in. x 5.5in.

12 reasons for war prohibition front
12 reasons for war prohibition front

12 reasons for war prohibition back
12 reasons for war prohibition back

What Are You Doing For WarTime Prohibition?
Size: 3.5in. x 5.5in.

What Are You Doing For WarTime Prohibition – Front?

What Are You Doing For Wartime Prohibition?- Back
What Are You Doing For Wartime Prohibition?- Back

Hit the Mark – Drinking Impairs Skill
Size: 6in by 9in.

Hit The Mark
Hit The Mark

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Civil Affairs in World War II

This post will contain information on Civil Affairs in World War II and how to set-up a reenacting impression around it.

Field Manuals

FM 27-5 Civil Affairs: Dec 22nd 1943.

Studies

Civil Affairs in World War II:  A study from the Center for Strategic and International Studies

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Depression and Carnival Glass for the World War Two Reenactor

Notes on Depression and Carnival Glass for the World War Two Reenactor

Cut Glass (1880-mid 1910s)

Is produced by hand-cutting glass. Cut glass used to contain heavy amounts of lead and to get the right designs glass-makers would add crystal or “flint” to it. Cut glass is used primarily for tableware and come in many styles. Most glassware was signed with the name of the producer, etched into the glass. Reproductions of cut-glass tend to have signatures embossed.

Carnival Glass (1900s-1930)

Carnival Glass is pressed glassware produced in the 1900s-1930. The glass came in many colors including brights (like red, green, blue, purple etc.) and pastel colors (like clear, white, smoke, lavender, and opalescent). The pastel colors have less of a finish. Red is the most highly collectable color as it required fair amounts of gold oxides to produce it. Marigold is the most widely available color. When the depression hit and glass styles changed producers of carnival glass gave it away to…carnivals as prizes.

It was sprayed with a metallic finish that made it look oily in nature. Five companies produced the majority of it in the US.
1. Fenton Art Glass Co. of Williamstown WV
2. Imperial Glass Corporation of Bellaire, OH
3. Millersburg Glass Company of Millersburg, OH
4. Northwood Glass Company of Wheeling, WV
5. Dugan Glass Company of Indiana, PA

Depression Glass (1920s-1930s extending to 1970s):

Cheaply produced colored glassware as automation and industrialization finally caught-up to glassmaking. This glassware was marketed for middle-income and working-class Americans. This glassware came with purchases from stores or mail-order catalogs. Glassware was of any kind including bowls, shakers, dishes (all kinds), creamers, sugars, vases, jars, pitchers, measuring cups etc. Pink is the most common glass color, followed by Green and Amber. The rarer Depression glass colors are red, black, colbalt blue, and yellow. The rarest types of Depression Glass are the ones that incorporate glass bases for citrus juices (reamers).

Fiestaware (1936 to 1970)

Fiestaware is brightly colored pottery. It was produced from 1936 to 1973. It was re-started in 1986. Collectors seek the original colors: Red, Yellow, Cobalt, Light-Green, Ivory, Turquoise. Fiesta Red was pulled from the market in 1943 as it used uranium to help create its color and the uranium was needed for the war effort. Chartreuse(gray and rose colored) was added as a color scheme in the 1950s and earthy tones arrived by the 1970s. The rarest color is medium -green.

Glass Companies

Cambridge Glass Company of Cambridge, OH: Produced glass from the early 1900s-1950s. Focused mostly on crystal or cut glass. Can find designs of stars, swirls, squares etc. Produced mostly bowls, plates, tumblers, and cocktail glasses. Most collectable of Cambridge Glass are the Square Series produced shortly before it went out of businesses. Would eventually be bought by Imperial Glass.

Imperial Glass: This company began reproducing Carnival glass in the 1960s using some of the original molds, however the difference between period-correct carnival glass and Imperial Glass Reproductions is that the new glass is marked IG at the bottom.

Fenton Glass: Produced Carnival and then Depression glass. Before 1970 most Fenton glass had a sticker. If no sticker look for an absence of the pontil mark (typically seen as a dimple, chipped-looking section, or lumpy bump that indicates the punty rod was detached from the glass as it was cooling). Fenton Glass used a different kind punty rod that left clean breaks. After 1970, Fenton glass will mark the piece of an “F” or “Fenton” somewhere on the item
See: http://www.ehow.com/how_7330459_authenticate-fenton-glass.html
http://entertainmentguide.local.com/detect-fake-fenton-glassware-8067.html

Heisey Glass (1860s-1957): Produced Art Glass, Cut-Glass and Carnival Glass. Symbol is an “H” inside a diamond.

Libbey Glass: Produced all kinds of glassware but not much of Carnival or Depression. Glass marked with the word “Libbey”

Westmoreland Glass (1890-1985): Produced some carnival and depression but mainly milk glass. Early Westermoreland marks were a “W” within what appears to be an upside-down lampshade. The intertwined “W” and “G” was not developed until 1949. In 1983, all Westmoreland glass was marked “Westmoreland.”

Others include:

Anchor-Hocking and Fire King:
Jeannette Glass Company
Liberty Works
MacBeth-Evans Glass Compnay
US Glass Company
Hazel Atlas Company
Indiana Glass Company
Fostoria Glass Company
Federal Glass Company
Paden City Glass Company
McKee Glass Company
New Martinsville
L.E. Smith Company
Lancaster Glass Company
US Company (?)
Belmont Tumbler Company
Dell Glass
Diamond Glass-ware Company
Homer-Laughlin China Company-Fiesta Ware

Sources:
-Florence, Gene.1999. The Pocket Guide to Depression Glass and More: 1920s-1960s. 11th Ed. Collector Books.
-Good source that puts pictures with the different pattern types.
Pickvet, Mark. 1996. Collecting Glassware. Alliance Publishers.
-General overview of glass history, glass styles, glass companies.

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Zippos in World War Two

Zippo is in the War

Zippos in World War Two for Reenactors

Below are some scanned copies and information related to Zippos in World War two for the reenactors.

The two pdfs below outline a general progression of Zippo from 1932 to 1950, including the famed black crackle zippo of the World War Two Era.

pg 47_Zippo timeline Part 1

pg 48_Zippo Timeline Part 2

The following pdfs show a specific progression of Zippo lighters from 1933 to early 1941.

pg 55: From 1933 to 1934

pg 56: From 1935 to 1941

pg 89: From 1940 to 1941

Zippo also had wartime ads to promote Zippos

pg 140 Zippo WW2 Ads

pg 170 zippo ad

Here is the message Zippo had which announced the change to the black crackle

pg 178 WW2 Zippo metal change

The next pdf shows a specific progression from 1941 to the early 1950s.

pg 57: From 1943 to 1953

In the 1990s, there as a market for nostalgia and Zippo manufactured Zippos in the same style of the 1930s and 1940s

pg 82_1933 Replica

The final pdf shows the change in packaging throughout the years

pg 187 Zippo package changes

Below are some specific details and analysis of the Zippo from 1932 to 1954

Intro

pg 17

1932 Model

pg 18

pg 19

1933 Model

pg 20

pg 21

Mid 1933 and 1935 Model

pg 22

1936 Outside Hinge Model

pg 23

1936 to 1939 Models

pg 24

pg 25

pg 26

pg 27

1940 to 1941 Models no-diagonals

pg 28

pg 29

pg 30

1940 to 1941 Models diagonals

pg 31

pg 32

pg 33

pg 34

1941 Steel Case and 1942 Black Crackle

pg 35

pg 36

1943-1945 Black Crackle

pg 76

1948-1954

pg 77

Accessories

pg 141: Flint Dispensers

pg 142: Lighter Fluid Bottles

pg 143: Wick Displays

Source

Zippo: The Great American Lighter by David Poore 1997 Schiffer Publishing Ltd.

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WW2 Red Cross Reproduction Knitting Patterns

Below is a listing of WW2 Red Cross Reproduction Knitting Patterns for WW2 Reenactors

AfghanChild’s Knitted SuitChild’s Sweater Brooks TypeChild’s Sweater Toddler Pack
GlovesMan’s Coat SweaterMan’s SocksMan’s V-Neck Sweater, Sleeveless
MufflerNavy Iceland SweaterWatch CapWoman’s V-Neck Cardigan
Wristlets*

*Courtesy of the Estate of Ray and Anita Sexton, Oneida, TN

Practical, Warm Hand Knits for Service Men WW2 Red Cross Knitting Patterns

This another red cross knitting pattern. The booklet is Volume 318, dated 1940. Below are some images from the booklet and external links which explain more about the patterns.

External Links

Read Me First: WWII Knitting FAQ

WWII Plain SocksWWII Hats and HelmetsWWII Mittens and GlovesWWII V-Neck Sweater
WWII TurtleneckWWII Sweater VestWWII Ear Muffs, Wristlets, Knee Caps, Muffler

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WW2 Reproduction Currency

Below is a listing of WW2 reproduction currency of Russia, The Netherlands, France, Germany, Italy, and Japan. The files are all .pdf and may be printed off and used at reenactments.

Some WW2 reproduction currency files below have two files, a front and a back. They are designed to be printed on either a two-sided copier or printed once and then fed back into the printer the opposite direction so the sides line up.

Others have only a single side. These were also designed to be flipped and fed back into the printer.

WW2 Reproduction Currency

Germany

ReichspfenningReichspfennnig – 5Reichspfennig – 10
Reichsmark – FrontReichsmark – BackReichsmarks – 50 – FrontReichsmarks – 50 – Back
Mark – SmallMark – MediumMark – 10 – FrontMark – 10 – Back
Newmark – 10 – FrontNewmark – 10 – BackNewmark – 20 – FrontNewmark – 20 – Back
Newmark – 50 – FrontNewmark – 50 – BackNewmark – 100 – FrontNewmark – 100 – Back

The Netherlands

Guilders – Small – FrontGuilders – Small – BackGuilders – Large – FrontGuilders – Large – Back

France

Franc – SmallFranc – Large – FrontFranc – Large – Back

Russia

Rubels – FrontRubels – BackLenin

Italy

Lire – SmallLire – Large – FrontLire – Large – Back

Japan

Yen – SmallYen – 510 – FrontYen – 510 – Back
Yen – Large – FrontYen – Large – Back