Oriole Records

Record Label: 1924-1927. Orange and black.

Oriole Records (1924-1938)

Oriole (the US label not the UK label which is separate) was a budget label that was sold exclusively in McCrory’s chain of stores. This store was one of the many “five and dime” style stores. Records sold for $25 cents. McCrory’s started in Pennsylvania but went out of business in 2002. Manufactured by Scranton Button Company. In 1929 American Record Company would take over Oriole. The first Oriole records were black on orange with 1923 displayed. By mid-1924 the 1923 copyright date disappears. The orange label would be replaced in 1927 by a design in gold on black and white. ARC would keep the label colors but shrink the label size. In 1935, the colors change to gold on maroon but retaining the original design. Oriole Records would be dropped in 1938. The label contained my anonymous and pseudonyms. Indeed, Fletcher Henderson record under the pseudonym Sam Hill.

Music Genres: Pop, Country, “Race” records, Blues.

Pre-1941 Label: Orange, Black, and Maroon

Early Label 1924-1927

Record Label: 1924-1927. Orange and black.
Record Label: 1924-1927. Orange and black.

Mid Label: 1927-1935

Record Label: 1927-1935. Gold, black, white color scheme.
Record Label: 1927-1935. Gold, black, white color scheme.

Late Label: 1935-1938

Record Label: 1935-1938 Gold on maroon
Record Label: 1935-1938 Gold on maroon

1941-1945 Label: None

Post-WW2 Label: None

Numbers from start to 1945: 100-8000

Notes: The 8000 series are the race records.

Sources:

Fletcher Henderson on the Oriole Label

-Rust, Brian. The American Record Label Book. Arlington House Publishers, NY. 1978.

-Sutton, Nauck. American Record Labels and Companies: An Encyclopedia (1891-1943). Mainspring Press, CO.2000.


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Emerson Records

Emerson Record Label 1923

Emerson Records: 1915-1928

Emerson Records were founded by a Victor H. Emerson a former-employee of Columbia records. Emerson Records were part of the Emerson Phonograph Company (also founded by Victor Emerson).  The first Emerson discs were 5.5in. and 7in. discs of various New York musicians recorded under the band name “Emerson Symphony Orchestra”. After World War One the business expanded to include 9in. and 10in. records. To market to the immigrants they created a line of 12in. classical records. Emerson then began to contract with musicians such as Eddie Cantor to record exclusively for the label. The rapid expansion after World War One coupled with a newly opened recording studio in Los Angeles over-extended the company. It would be bought-up by the Scranton Button Company in 1924. The Scranton Button Company would eventually stop selling Emerson Records and apply the Emerson name only to radios. Late Emerson records are very rare and are identified by a “Electrosonic Emerson” meaning Emerson switched to using microphones to record. This switch occurred as the Scranton Button Company was phasing the line out. By 1928 Emerson was no longer a label and parts of catalog were sold or leased to other companies. While the record branch would no longer exist the name Emerson and the factories that produced phonographs would be used to produce household electronics graduating from phonographs to radios then TVs, air-conditioners, and now other small consumer electronics. Indeed, Emerson exists today as Emerson Radio and includes the iconic over-sized treble clef as part of its logo.

Music Genres: Classical, Pop, Ethnic, Foreign, Jazz, Urban Blues, and “Race-Records”.

Numbers from label start to 1945: 300-10903 with the 19000 series being ethnic German music and the 12000 series being ethnic Italian music.

Pre-World War II Label: Black, Blue, Red (being the Premier label designed to compete with Columbia’s Red Seal), or Maroon always with a shield.

Emerson Record Label Early
Black, Blue, Red (for Premier), or Maroon always with a shield.

Emerson would have a label change mid-1923. The label would drop the shield and favor an oversized musical treble clef. Colors would be the same as the early Emerson label.

Emerson Record Label 1923
Record Label: Mid-1923. The New Emerson label. Black or Red or Blue. With an oversized treble clef.

 

1941-1945 Label: None

Post World War II Label: None

Notes: None

Sources: 

-Rust, Brian. The American Record Label Book. Arlington House Publishers, NY. 1978.

-Sutton, Nauck. American Record Labels and Companies: An Encyclopedia (1891-1943). Mainspring Press, CO.2000.

-Emerson Premier Label

-Emerson Records, a History and Discography.


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