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Lesson Plans World History II SOL 14a

Lesson Plans World History II SOL 14a: Indian Independence and Gandhi

Standard WH II:
The student will demonstrate knowledge of political, economic, social, and cultural aspects of independence movements and development efforts by

Objectives: Describing the struggles for self-rule, including Gandhi’s leadership in India and the development of India’s democracy.

Lesson Plans:
Introduction: A Bell-ringer activity
Notes: Students copy-down and discuss teacher generated notes
Activities: Students complete various in class activities to support learning including video analysis, maps, charts, diagrams, graphic organizers, worksheets, text-book questions, group discussion, KWL Charts etc.
Assessment: Informal, Formal, Exit-Questions, Teacher Questioning. Quizzes, Tests, Projects.

Essential Knowledge:
Regional setting for the Indian independence movement
• Indian sub-continent
• British India
• India
• Pakistan (formerly West Pakistan)
• Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan)
• Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon)
Evolution of the Indian independence movement
• British rule in India
• Indian National Congress
• Leadership of Mohandas Gandhi
• Role of civil disobedience and passive resistance
• Political division along Hindu-Muslim lines — Pakistan/India
• Republic of India
– World’s largest democratic nation
– Federal system, giving many powers to the states Indian democracy
• Jawaharlal Nehru, a close associate of Gandhi, supported western-style industrialization.
• 1950 Constitution sought to prohibit caste discrimination.
• Ethnic and religious differences caused problems in the development of India as a democratic nation.
• New economic development has helped to ease financial problems of the nation.

Activities that Support Lesson Plans

Premium Lesson Plan Gandhi Film:  5 Day unit that accompanies the 1982 film Gandhi

India Independence readings and map analysis: On Teachers Pay Teachers

Gandhi Biography Video Questions: Video Viewing Guide. Students answer questions.

Excerpts from Hind Swaraj: Students read quotes and answer questions.

Gandhi non-violence response scenarios: Students respond to scenarios using non-violent techniques.

Creation of India and Pakistan Reading: A reading on the creation of Pakistan and India

Gandhi Biography Reading: A biography reading on Gandhi. Students answer questions.