Lesson Plans World History II SOL 6d: The Enlightenment
Standard WH II:
The student will demonstrate knowledge of scientific, political, economic, and religious changes during the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries by
SOL 6d: explaining the political, religious, and social ideas of the Enlightenment and the ways in which they influenced the founders of the United States.
Introduction: A Bell-ringer activity
Notes: Students copy-down and discuss teacher generated notes
Activities: Students complete various in class activities to support learning including video analysis, maps, charts, diagrams, graphic organizers, worksheets, text-book questions, group discussion, KWL Charts etc.
Assessment: Informal, Formal, Exit-Questions, Teacher Questioning. Quizzes, Tests, Projects
• Applied reason to the human world, as well as to the rest of the natural world
• Stimulated religious tolerance
• Fueled democratic revolutions around the world Enlightenment thinkers and their ideas
• Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan: Humans exist in a primitive “state of nature” and consent to government for self-protection.
• John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government: People are sovereign and consent to government for protection of natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
• Montesquieu’s The Spirit of Laws: The best form of government includes a separation of powers.
• Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s The Social Contract: Government is a contract between rulers and the people.
• Voltaire: Religious toleration should triumph over religious fanaticism; separation of church and state.
Influence of the Enlightenment
• Political philosophies of the Enlightenment fueled revolution in the Americas and France.
• Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence incorporated Enlightenment ideas.
• The Constitution of the United States of America and Bill of Rights incorporated Enlightenment ideas.
Activities That Support Lesson Plans
Natural Rights Philosophers Biography and Document Analysis
Powerpoint Enlightenment Biography and Document Analysis Questions
Note: This document analysis activity is best used with a set of teacher notes/powerpoint questions and the Primary Source Document link above.
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